From IELTS to University: Working with Theory

One area where international students often struggle is academic theory and models. For example, in the first year of a business and management degree students are introduced to new models and theories almost every week. In these circumstances developing a basic understanding of each theory is a challenge, no matter …

From IELTS to University: Introduction to critical thinking for international students

Critical thinking is a standard feature of Western university assessment. It is referred to by lecturers from time to time but is rarely explained fully to students. Also, understanding critical thinking in relation to essay or report writing, as well as individual or group presentations, is fundamental to achieving the …

The uses of an iterative approach in learning

The verb ‘to iterate’ is one of my favourite in the English language. It describes a series of successive operations or cycles, with each one advancing an overall process another step towards a final objective. For example, a scientist may solve a research problem through a series of hypotheses and …

Tips for reading academic journal articles

Academic journal articles are perhaps the most difficult pieces of text university students are required to read. They tend to feature the most challenging characteristics of academic text: their density of argument, frequent use of specialist research and references to other studies all combine to form significant barriers to understanding. …

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